COVERDALE, Miles

(c. 1488-1569)
Miles Coverdale was a translator of the Bible and bishop of Exeter. He was most likely born in York. After becoming an Augustinian friar, he went on to be educated at Cambridge. Later in life he received further education from the universities at Wittenberg and Tübingen. Although he had taken holy orders, by 1528 he had rejected priest's vestments, which he would continue to do through­out his life, and began preaching against the Mass, confession, and image wor­ship. He soon left England for Europe and in 1534 received a commission from a merchant in Antwerp for a translation of the entire Bible into English, which he completed in 1535. He relied on various sources for his work, including the Vulgate, the Zurich translation of 1531, Martin Luther's* translation, and the work of William Tyndale,* whom he had assisted with his translation of the Pentateuch. The first Coverdale Bible was transported to England, where it met with approval; in 1539 Coverdale revised his work, thus forming the basis for the Great Bible, which would be distributed in churches throughout England.
Coverdale went once more into exile in 1540 after his supporter Thomas Cromwell was executed. Around this time he married Elizabeth Macheson, a Scottish exile, and they traveled first to Denmark and then to Germany, where Coverdale was appointed assistant minister and headmaster of the town school in Bergzabern. After the death of Henry VIII,* Coverdale returned to England, where he enjoyed royal favor. In August 1551 he was appointed bishop of Exeter, an office he held until Mary I* ascended the throne. When she attempted to imprison him on charges of unpaid debts, the king of Denmark appealed on Coverdale's behalf, and he was released into exile once more. He returned to England during the reign of Elizabeth I* and remained there until his death in 1569. His work has been widely recognized as the first complete English trans­lation of the Bible and helped form the basis for the King James,* or Authorized Version, in 1611.
Bibliography
J. F. Mozley, Coverdale and His Bibles, 1953.
Jean Akers

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Coverdale, Miles — ( 1488 15 68 )    British reformer and Bible translator    Miles Coverdale was born in Coverham, Yorkshire, educated at Cambridge University, ordained as a Roman Catholic priest in 1514, and later joined the Augustinian monastic order. He… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Coverdale, Miles — (1488–1568)    Bishop and Educator.    Coverdale was born in York and he was educated at the University of Cambridge. He joined the Augustinian Order of Friars in 1514, but left in 1528, having been converted to Protestantism. After preaching… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Coverdale, Miles — born 1488?, York, Yorkshire, Eng. died Jan. 20, 1569, London English bishop who issued the first printed English Bible. Ordained in 1514, he became an Augustinian friar at Cambridge, where he adopted Lutheran beliefs. By 1528 he was preaching… …   Universalium

  • Coverdale,Miles — Cov·er·dale (kŭvʹər dāl ), Miles. 1488 1568. English cleric and scholar who produced the first complete English translation of the Bible (1535). * * * …   Universalium

  • Coverdale, Miles — (¿1488?, York, Yorkshire, Inglaterra–20 ene. 1569, Londres). Obispo inglés que publicó la primera Biblia impresa en ese idioma. Ordenado en 1514, se convirtió en fraile agustino en Cambridge, donde adoptó la confesión luterana (ver luteranismo).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • COVERDALE, MILES —    translator of the English Bible, born in Yorkshire; his translation was the first issued under royal sanction, being dedicated to Henry VIII.; done at the instance of Thomas Cromwell, and brought out in 1535, and executed with a view to secure …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Coverdale, Miles — (d. 1568) A Puritan leader born in Yorkshire whose translation of the Bible into English was the first ever to be printed. His version of the psalms is still used, as it was incorporated in the Anglican Book of Common Prayer …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • COVERDALE, Miles — (1488 1568)    early translator of the ENGLISH BIBLE and important PROTESTANT leader during the REFORMATION …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Coverdale, Miles — (1488 1568)    Translator of the Bible, b. in Yorkshire, and ed. at Camb. Originally an Augustinian monk, he became a supporter of the Reformation. In 1535 his translation of the Bible was pub., probably at Zurich. It bore the title, Biblia, the… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Miles Coverdale — (auch Myles Coverdale; * um 1488 in Coverham, Grafschaft York; † 20. Januar 1569 in London) war ein englischer Bibelübersetzer und Bischof von Exeter. Leben Coverdale studierte Philosophie und Theologie an der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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